ChipKIT™ PRO MX4 Board Reference Manual


Revision History

Revised March, 2015.

ChipKIT Pro MX4 is the new name for the Cerebot MX4ck. This board retains all functionality of the Cerebot MX4ck. This manual applies to Rev A of the Pro MX4, as indicated on the under-side next to the barcode.


Overview

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is a microcontroller development board based on the Microchip PIC32MX460F512L, a member of the 32-bit PIC32 microcontroller family. It is compatible with Digilent’s line of Pmod™ peripheral modules, and is suitable for use with the Microchip MPLAB® IDE tools. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is also compatible for use with the MPIDE development environment. ChipKIT combined with MPIDE is a PIC32 based system compatible with many existing Arduino™ code examples, reference materials and other resources.

Features of the ChipKIT Pro MX4 Include:

  • a PIC32MX460F512L microcontroller
  • support for programming and debugging within the Microchip MPLAB development environment
  • support for programming within the chipKIT MPIDE development environment
  • nine Pmod connectors for Digilent peripheral
  • module boards
  • eight hobby RC servo connectors
  • USB 2.0 Device, Host, and OTG support
  • two push buttons
  • four LEDs
  • multiple power supply options, including USB powered
  • ESD protection and short circuit protection for all I/O pins.

Features of the PIC32MX460F512L Include

  • 512KB internal program flash memory
  • 32KB internal SRAM memory
  • USB 2.0 compliant full-speed On-The-Go (OTG) controller with dedicated DMA channel
  • two serial peripheral interfaces (SPI)
  • two UART serial interfaces
  • two I2C serial interfaces
  • five 16-bit timer/counters
  • five timer capture inputs
  • five compare/PWM outputs
  • sixteen 10-bit analog inputs
  • two analog comparators

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is designed to be easy to use and suitable for use by anyone from beginners to advanced users for experimenting with electronics and embedded control systems. A built in programming/debugging circuit compatible with the Microchip MPLAB® IDE is provided on the board, so no additional hardware is required for use with MPLAB. The kit contains everything needed to start developing embedded applications using either the MPLAB® IDE or the MPIDE.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 provides 74 I/O pins that support a number of peripheral functions, such as USB controller, UART, SPI and I2C™ ports as well as five pulse width modulated outputs and five external interrupt inputs. Fifteen of the I/O pins can be used as analog inputs in addition to their use as digital inputs and outputs.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 can be powered via USB, or an external power supply that may be either an AC-DC power adapter, or batteries.


1 Functional Description

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is designed for embedded control and robotics control applications as well as for general microprocessor experimentation. Firmware suitable for many applications can be downloaded to the ChipKIT Pro MX4’s programmable PIC32 microcontroller

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 has a number of input/output connection options, and is specially designed to work with the Digilent Pmod™ line of peripheral modules to provide a variety of input and output functions. For more information, see www.store.digilentinc.com. In addition to the Pmod connectors, the board provides eight connectors for RC hobby servos, two push button switches, and four LEDs, as well as providing connections for two I2C busses.

A serial EEPROM and a 12-bit digital to analog converter are provided on one of the I2C busses. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 features a flexible power supply system with a number of options for powering the board as well as powering peripheral devices connected to the board. It can be USB powered via the USB serial converter port, the debug USB port or the USB device port. It also can be powered from an external power supply or batteries.


2 Programming Tools

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 can be used with either the Microchip MPLAB® development environment or the MPIDE development environment. When used with the MPLAB® IDE, in-system-programming and debugging of firmware running on the PIC32MX460 microcontroller is supported using an on-board programming/debugging circuit licensed from Microchip.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is immediately useable with either the MPLAB IDE or the MPIDE. No additional hardware is required to use the board with the Microchip MPLAB tools.

2.1 Using ChipKIT Pro MX4 with Microchip Development Tools

The Microchip MPLAB® IDE or the MPLAB® X IDE can be used to program and debug code running on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board using the built-in programming/debugging circuit licensed from Microchip.

The MPLAB development environment can be downloaded from the Microchip web site at www.microchip.com/mplabx/. This software suite includes a free evaluation copy of the Microchip C32 compiler for use with the PIC32 microcontroller family. The licensed debugger is compatible with the MPLAB IDE version 8.63 or later.

When creating a new project, use the “Configure.Select Device…” menu to specify the PIC32 device being used. Ensure that the device is set to PIC32MX460F512L.

In order to use the on-board program/debug circuit you must move the jumper on J3 to the “DBG” position. The programmer must also be selected as the debugger or programmer within the MPLAB IDE. Use the “Debugger.Select Tool” menu, or the “Programmer.Select Tool” menu, and select “Licensed Debugger” as the programmer or debugger.



The licensed debugger interface uses USB connector J9, labeled DEBUG. Connector J9 is a USB micro-B connector, located next to the power switch. Use a USB-A to micro-B cable (provided with the board) to connect to an available USB port on the PC. When using MPLAB, do not use the UART port to try and program the ChipKIT Pro MX4, as this is for programming the board with MPIDE.

When the licensed debugger is selected as the programming or debugging device, the MPLAB IDE will check the version number of the firmware running on the debugger and offer to update it if is out of date with the version of MPLAB being used.

The in-system programming/debugging interface uses two pins on the PIC32 microcontroller. The PIC32 devices support two alternate pin pairs for this interface: PGC1/PGD1 or PGC2/PGD2. PIC32 devices use PGC2/PGD2 by default. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is designed to use PGC2/PGD2. It is not normally necessary to select the use of PGC2/PGD2 for the debugging interface, as this should occur automatically.

If for some reason, it is necessary to select the correct pins for the programming/debugging interface, this can done using configuration variables set using the #pragma config statement. The following statement can be used to configure the microcontroller for use with the on-board licensed debugger circuit:

#pragma config ICESEL = ICS_PGx2

The MPLAB IDE may report an error indicating that the device is not configured for debugging until the first time a program is loaded onto the board, or a program that is configured to use PGC1/PGD1 has been programmed.

The MCLR pin on the PIC32 microcontroller is used by the hardware programming/debugging interface to reset the processor. This same pin is used by the USB serial converter to reset the processor when using the MPIDE. It is possible that the reset function from the USB serial interface can interfere with correct operation of the Microchip programming and debugging tools. If this happens, jumper JP8 can be used to disconnect the USB serial converter reset circuit. Remove the shorting block from JP8 to disable the reset circuit. If the shorting block has been removed, it is necessary to reinstall it on JP8 in order to use the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board with the MPIDE again.

2.2 Using ChipKIT Pro MX4 with MPIDE

ChipKIT and the MPIDE is a PIC32 based hardware and software system compatible with many existing Arduino™ code examples, reference materials and other resources. The MPIDE development platform was produced by modifying the Arduino™ IDE and is fully backward compatible with the Arduino IDE. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 board is designed to be fully compatible with the MPIDE system, version 20111221 or later.

The MPIDE uses a serial communications port to communicate with a boot loader running in the target board. The serial port on the MX4 board is implemented using an FTDI FT232R USB serial converter. Before attempting to use the MPIDE to communicate with the MX4, the appropriate USB device driver must be installed.

The USB serial converter on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board uses USB connector J8, labeled UART on the board. This connector is a micro-USB located next to screw terminal connector J5. Use a standard USB-A to mini-B cable (provided with the board) to connect the board to an available USB port on the PC. When using MPIDE, the DEBUG port connected to the on-board debugger circuit is disabled as this is used to program the MX4 using MPLAB.





You must also move the jumper on J12 to the “URT” position.

In the MPIDE, use the “Tools.Board” command to select the ChipKIT Pro MX4 from the list of available boards. Use the “Tools.Serial Port” command to choose the appropriate serial port from the list of available serial ports on the PC.

When the MPIDE needs to communicate with the MX4 board, the PIC32 microcontroller is reset and starts running the boot loader. The MPIDE then establishes communications with the boot loader and downloads the program to the board.

When the MPIDE opens the serial communications connection on the PC, the DTR pin on the FT232R chip is driven low. This pin is coupled through a capacitor to the MCLR pin on the PIC32 microcontroller. Driving the MCLR line low resets the microcontroller, restarting execution with the boot loader.

Once the MPIDE has established communication with the boot loader, it transfers the user’s program to the boot loader, which programs it into the flash memory in the Microcontroller.

The automatic reset action when the serial communications connection is opened can be disabled. To disable this operation, remove the shorting block from jumper JP8. The shorting block is reinstalled on JP8 to restore operation with the MPIDE.

Two red LEDs (LD7 and LD8) will blink when data is being sent or received between the ChipKIT Pro MX4 and the PC over the serial connection.

The header connector J7 provides access to the other serial handshaking signals provided by the FT232R. Connector J7 is not loaded at the factory but can be installed by the user to access these signals.

2.3 Reloading the MPIDE Boot Loader

Using the Microchip development tools to program the ChipKIT Pro MX4 will erase the chipKIT boot loader. To use the board with the MPIDE again, it is necessary to program the boot loader back onto the board. The programming file for the boot loader that was programmed into the board by Digilent at the factory is available for download from the ChipKIT Pro MX4 product page on the Digilent web site. Additionally, the boot loader source code is available in the chipKIT project repository at www.github.com/chipKIT32/pic32-Arduino-Bootloader.

To reprogram the boot loader using MPLAB X, perform the following steps:

  1. On the MX4 PRO board, move the jumper block on header J12 to the “DBG” connection, connect the USB cable to the “DEBUG” port next to the power switch, and turn the board on with the power switch. (See images above for clarification.)
  2. Open MPLAB X, click on “File”, highlight “Import”, then select “HEX/ELF…(Prebuilt) File”
  3. Under “Prebuilt Filename”, click on the “Browse” button to locate the boot loader file that you downloaded previously. The file name should be something like “chipKIT_Bootloader_MX4ck.hex”.
  4. Select “32-bit MCUs (PIC32)” in the “Family:” dialog box, then select the device ID “PIC32MX460F512L” in the “Device:” dialog box.
  5. With your board connected and turned on in DBG mode, the programmer SN will load automatically under “Licensed Debugger” in the dialog box.
  6. Click the “Next” button at the bottom.
  7. Rename the project if you wish. The name of the .hex file is used by default.
  8. Choose where to place your project. The file where your boot loader is located is used by default.
  9. Click “Finish” to finalize the project file. The project will pop up in “Projects” tab on the left side of the screen.
  10. Right-click the project name and select “Make and Program Device”. The boot loader will now load to the MX4. (You may also click the button on the tool bar with the green arrow pointing down to load the project if the project has been set as the main project.)

2.4 Additional Tools Information

For additional information about the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board and the use and operation of the PIC32MX460F512L microcontroller, refer to the following documents in addition to this reference manual.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 Schematic, available on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 resource page.

The PIC32MX3XX/4XX Family Data Sheet and the PIC32MX Family Reference Manual available from the Microchip web site: www.microchip.com

Additional reference material for the MPIDE system is included in the MPIDE software download, and on-line in the chipKIT wiki. Help with questions and problems using the board with the MPIDE software can also be obtained in the chipKIT forums:

www.chipKIT.net/install (software download)

www.chipKIT.net

www.chipKIT.org/forum


3 Power Supply

Switch SW1, on the left side of the board is the power switch. Place this switch in the ON position to turn on board power and in the OFF position to turn off board power.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 may be USB powered via either the USB debug port, the USB UART port, or the USB device port. Alternatively, the board may be powered via dedicated, “external”, power supply connectors.

Jumper block J12 is used to select the power source used to provide power to the board. This jumper block provides the following four positions:

  • USB – power is supplied by USB device connector J15. This is used when the ChipKIT Pro MX4 is used to implement a USB bus powered device.
  • EXT – Power is supplied by one of the external power connectors.
  • DBG – Power is supplied by DEBUG USB connector J9.
  • URT – Power is supplied by UART USB connector J8.

Place the shorting block in the appropriate position on J12 for the desired power source for the board.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is rated for external power from 3.6 to 12 volts DC. Using a voltage outside this range could damage the board and connected devices. If operating the board at a voltage greater than 5V, it is necessary to remove the shorting block on jumper JP10 to protect the USB load switch, which is limited to a maximum voltage of 5.5V. The USB load switch is used to control bus power when the ChipKIT Pro MX4 is being used to implement a USB host. When operating from any of the three USB sources, the input voltage will be 5V.

The output of power select jumper block J12 is connected to the VIN power bus. The VIN power bus supplies power to Q3, a PFET load switch, and IC9, the voltage regulator for the licensed debugger circuit. The licensed debugger circuit is powered as soon as the power switch is turned on. Power to the rest of the board is controlled by Q3. The main board power supply is enabled by bringing the gate of Q3 low. When Q3 is turned on, the unregulated power bus BRD_VU is powered.

If the licensed debugger is connected to an active USB port, it enumerates with the host computer and once it has been successfully enumerated, it turns on the main board power supply by driving the PWR_ON signal high.

If the licensed debugger is not connected to an active USB port, the PWR_ON signal is ignored and board power is turned on immediately by the power switch via transistor Q4.

The main board power supply is a switch mode voltage regulator implemented using a Microchip MCP16301 switch mode step-down regulator. This regulator provides 3.3V at up to 600 mA with approximately 96% efficiency. This powers the main board regulated power bus BRD_3V3

There are three connectors on ChipKIT Pro MX4 for connecting an external power supply: J13, J14, and J18.

The barrel connector, J13, is useful for desktop development and testing where using USB or battery power is not suitable. J13 is the connector used by the AC adapter optionally available from Digilent, or other sources. J13 is a 2.5mm x 5.5mm coaxial connector wired with the center terminal as the positive voltage.

Connector J14 is a two-pin male header that provides easy battery or battery-pack connection. Digilent has both two-cell and four-cell AA battery holders with two pin connectors available for connection to J14.

Connector J18 is a screw terminal connector for an alternative power supply connection for use with higher current battery packs, bench supplies or other power sources where use of a hard wired power supply is desirable.

Connectors J13, J14, and J18 are wired in parallel and connect to the “External Power” position on the Power Select jumper block J12. A shorting block should be placed on the “EXT” position of J12 when using this option for board power. Only one of these three power connectors should be used at a time. If multiple power supplies are connected simultaneously, damage to the board or the power supplies may occur.

When using an external power supply, ensure that the polarity is not reversed as the board is not protected from reverse polarity on the power supply and will be damaged.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 has a second screw terminal connector, J5 that supplies power to the servo power bus, VS, to power the RC hobby servo connectors. This allows servos to be powered from a separate power supply than the one powering the electronics on the ChipKIT Pro MX4. This can be useful when using servos that draw large amounts of power.

Jumper JP1 can be used to connect the ChipKIT Pro MX4 unregulated power bus BRD_VU to the servo power bus, VS. When no shorting block is installed on JP1, the BRD_VU and VS busses are separate. When a shorting block is on JP1, the two busses are joined and the BRD_VU bus can be powered in any of the previously indicated ways, or from connector J5.

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 can provide power to any peripheral modules attached to the Pmod connectors and to I2C devices powered from the I2C daisy chain connectors, J2 and J6. Each Pmod connector provides power pins that can be powered by either unregulated voltage, BRD_VU, or regulated voltage, BRD_3V3, by setting the voltage jumper block to the desired position. The I2C power connectors only provide regulated voltage, BRD_3V3.

The PIC32 microcontroller and on-board I/O devices operate at a supply voltage of 3.3V provided by the BRD_3V3 bus. The PIC32 microcontroller will use approximately 55mA when running at 80MHz. The other circuitry on the board will use approximately 10mA. The remaining current is available to provide power to attached Pmod and I2C devices.

3.1 Power Supply Monitor Circuit

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 microcontroller can measure the power supply voltage on the BRD_VU and VS power busses using the provided power supply monitor circuits. This feature is especially useful when using batteries because it allows the microcontroller firmware to determine the charge state of the battery and potentially notify the user when a battery supply is low.

Each power supply monitor circuit is made up of a voltage divider that divides the power bus voltage by four, and a filter capacitor to stabilize the voltage. Jumper JP4 enables the supply monitor circuit for BRD_VU power bus, and jumper JP2 enables the supply monitor circuit for the VS power bus. The analog to digital converter built into the PIC32 microcontroller is used to measure the power supply voltages. ADC channel 8 is used to measure BRD_VU and ADC channel 9 is used to measure VS.

When using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 with the MPIDE, these are accessed using the analogRead() function using analog input A6 to read BRD_VU and A7 to read VS.


4 Pmod Connectors

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 has nine connectors for connecting Digilent Pmod peripheral modules. The Pmod connectors, labeled JA–JF and JH–JK, are 2×8 pin right-angle, female pin header connectors. Each connector has an associated power select jumper block labeled JPA–JPF and JPH–JPK. The silkscreen next to each connector lists the function of each pin on that Pmod connector: 2 dedicated VDD pins, 2 dedicated GND pins, and 8 data pins, each assigned to a different PIC32 register as indicated.

Digilent Pmods are a line of small peripheral modules that provide various kinds of I/O interfaces. The Pmod product line includes such things as button, switch and LED modules, connector modules, LCD displays, high current output drivers, various kinds of RF interfaces, and many others.

There are two styles of Pmod connector: six-pin and twelve-pin. Both connectors use standard pin headers with 100mil spaced pins. The six-pin connectors have the pins in a 1×6 configuration, while the twelve-pin connectors use a 2×6 configuration. All of the Pmod connectors on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 are twelve pin connectors, which provide eight I/O signals, two power and two ground pins. The twelve-pin connectors have the signals arranged so that one twelve-pin connector is equivalent to two of the six-pin connectors. Pins 1–4 and 7–10 are the signal pins, pins 5 and 11 are the ground pins and pins 6 & 12 are the power supply pins.

The pin numbering that Digilent uses on the twelve-pin Pmod connectors is non-standard. The upper row of pins are numbered 1–6, left to right (when viewed from the top of the board), and the lower row of pins are numbered 7–12, left to right. This is in keeping with the convention that the upper and lower rows of pins can be considered to be two six-pin connectors stacked. When viewed from the end of the connector, pin 1 is the upper right pin and pin 7 is immediately below it (closer to the PCB).

Each Pmod connector has an associated power select jumper. These are used to select the power supply voltage supplied to the power supply pin on the Pmod connector. They are switchable between either the unregulated power supply, BRD_VU, or the 3.3V main board supply, BRD_3V3. Place the shorting block in the 3V3 position for regulated 3.3V and in the VU position to use the unregulated supply.

Each signal pin on the Pmod connectors is connected to an input/output pin on the PIC32 microcontroller. Each pin has a 200 ohm series resistor and an ESD protection diode. The series resistor provides short circuit protection to prevent damaging the I/O block in the microcontroller if the pin is inadvertently shorted to VDD or GND, or two outputs are shorted together. The ESD protection diode protects the I/O block from damage due to electro-static discharge.

Although ESD protection is provided between the connector pins and the microcontroller pins, ESD safe handling procedures should be followed when handling the circuit board. The pins on the microcontroller and other circuits on the board are exposed and can be damaged through ESD when handling the board.

Digilent Pmod peripheral modules can either be plugged directly into the connectors on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 or attached via cables. Digilent has a variety of Pmod interconnect cables available.

See the Pinout Tables in the appendices for more information about connecting peripheral modules and other devices to the ChipKIT Pro MX4. These tables describe the mapping between pins on the PIC32MX460 microcontroller and the pins on the various connectors.

The PIC32 microcontroller can source or sink a maximum of 18mA on all digital I/O pins. However, to keep the output voltage within the specified input/output voltage range (VOL 0.4V, VOH 2.4V) the pin current must be restricted to +7/-12mA. The maximum current that can be sourced or sunk across all I/O pins simultaneously is +/- 200mA. The maximum voltage that can be applied to any digital only I/O pin is 5.5V. The maximum voltage that can be applied to any analog capable I/O pin is 3.6V. For more detailed specifications, refer to the PIC32MX3XX/4XX Family Data Sheet.


5 Digital I/O

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 board provides access to 72 of the I/O pins from the PIC32 microcontroller via the Pmod connectors. Two additional I/O pins can be accessed via the I2C connector, J6. Any of the pins on the Pmod or I2C connectors can be individually accessed for digital input or output. Note that when the I2C signals on J6 are being used for I2C communications, they are not available for general purpose I/O. Note that the signals on I2C connector J2 are shared with pins 1 & 2 of Pmod connector JF. On PIC32 microcontrollers, the input/output pins are grouped into I/O Ports and are accessed via peripheral registers in the microcontroller. There are seven I/O Ports numbered A–G and each is 16 bits wide. Depending on the particular PIC32 microcontroller, some of the I/O Ports are not present, and not all 16 bits are present in all I/O Ports.

Each I/O Port has four control registers: TRIS, LAT, PORT, and ODC. The registers for I/O Port A are named TRISA, LATA, PORTA and ODCA. The registers for the other I/O Ports are named similarly.

The TRIS register is used to set the pin direction. Setting a TRIS bit to 0 makes the pin an output. Setting the TRIS bit to 1 makes the pin an input.

The LAT register is used to write to the I/O Port. Writing to the LAT register sets the output level of any pins configured as outputs. Reading from the LAT register returns the last value written.

The PORT register is used to read from the I/O Port. Reading from the PORT register returns the current state of all of the pins in the I/O Port. Writing to the PORT register is equivalent to writing to the LAT register. PIC32 microcontrollers allow any pin set as an output to be configured as either a normal totem-pole output or as an open-drain output. The ODC register is used to control the output type. Setting an ODC bit to 0 makes the pin a normal output and setting it to 1 makes the pin an open drain output.

Refer to the PIC32MX3XX/4XX Family Data Sheet, and the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 12, IO Ports, for more detailed information about the operation of the I/O Ports in the microcontroller.

You can use I/O Port assignments with MPIDE, but the MPIDE system uses logical pin numbers to identify digital I/O pins on the connectors. These pin numbers start with pin 0 and are numbered up consecutively.

On the ChipKIT Pro MX4, pin numbers 0–71 are used to access the pins on the Pmod connectors and pin numbers 72 and 73 are used for the two signal pins on the I2C connector, J6. The pin numbers are assigned so that connector JA pin 1 (JA-01) is digital pin 0, JA pin 2 (JA-02) is digital pin 1, and so on. So pins 0-7 are on connector JA, pins 8-15 on JB, pins 16-23 on JC, pins 24-31 and so on. Refer to the tables in the appendices for detailed information about the pin mapping between Pmod connector, logical pin number, and PIC32 microcontroller pin number and pin function.

When using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 with the MPIDE the functions pinMode(), digitalRead(), and digitalWrite() are used for digital pin I/O.

The pinMode() function is used to set the pin direction. Pin direction can be set to: INPUT, OUTPUT, or OPEN. OPEN is used for open-drain and implies output.

The digitalRead() and digitalWrite() functions are used to read or write the pins. digitalRead() returns the current state of the specified pin, and digitalWrite() is used to set the state of an output pin.

5.1 PIC32MX460 Pin 20

Pin 20 on the PIC32MX460 has multiple functions. It provides the VBUSON signal when the board is being used to implement a USB host. It also provides the positive input for analog comparator 1, analog to digital converter input AN5, change notice interrupt CN7 and bit 5 of general I/O Port B. In order to support all of these different functions, jumper block J16 is used to select the routing of this pin.

Normally, the shorting block will be in the JJ-8 position. This connects microcontroller pin 20 to Pmod connector JJ, pin 8. This allows the use of most functions of this pin.

When the board is being used as a USB host, the shorting block is placed in the VBUSON position to allow use of the VBUSON signal to control power to the USB bus.

Placing the shorting block in the DAC position connects the output of IC3, the MCP4725 digital to analog converter to microcontroller pin 20. This allows the DAC output to be used as a programmable reference for analog comparator 1.

5.2 Push Buttons and LEDs

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 board provides two push button switches for user input and four LEDs for output. The buttons, BTN1 and BTN2 are connected to I/O pins TRCLK/RA6 and TRD3/RA7 respectively. To read the buttons, pins 6 and 7 of I/O Port A must be configured as inputs by setting the corresponding bits in the TRISA register. The button state is then obtained by reading the PORTA register. When a button is pressed, the corresponding bit will be high (‘1’). Note that the microcontroller pins used by the buttons are shared with pins 3 & 4 of Pmod connector JF. Note that the button circuitry will effectively act as a 10K ohm pull-up resistor when the button is pressed and a 20K ohm pull-down resistor when the button is not pressed. This will not interfere with most normal uses of the I/O pins if the buttons are not being used.

The four LEDs are connected to bits 10-13 of I/O Port B. LED 1 is connected to bit 10, LED 2 is connected to bit 1, and so on. These four bits are also shared with pins 1-4 of Pmod connector JK. To use the LEDs, set the desired bits as outputs by clearing the corresponding bits in the TRISB register. The state of an LED is set by writing values to the LATB register. Setting a bit to 1 will illuminate the LED and setting the bit to 0 will turn it off.

When using the MPIDE and the chipKIT system, the buttons are accessed using digitalRead() and the LEDs using digitalWrite(). Use the following pins to access them:

  • BTN1 – PIN_BTN1, pin 42, RA6
  • BTN2 – PIN_BTN2, pin 43, RA7
  • LD1 – PIN_LED1, pin 64, RB10
  • LD2 – PIN_LED2, pin 65, RB11
  • LD3 – PIN_LED3, pin 66, RB12
  • LD4 – PIN_LED4, pin 67, RB13

5.3 RC Servo Connectors

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 provides eight 3-pin RC hobby servo connectors, labeled S1-S8, for direct control of servos in robotics and other embedded hardware actuator applications. The connectors share the I/O pins with Pmod connector JC. Individual I/O pins may be accessed through the JC connector if they're not being used to control a servo.

RC Servos use a pulse width modulated signal, PWM, to control the servo position. The 16-bit timers in the PIC32 microcontroller have the ability to generate PWM signals using the output compare registers. However, it is also possible to use timer interrupts to accomplish this same thing. Using timer interrupts allows a single timer to be used to control the signal timing for all eight servo connectors.

The servo connectors on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board are intended to be driven using timer interrupts rather than directly by the pulse width modulators in the internal timers. This frees the pulse width modulators for other uses, such as DC motor speed control. Digilent has a reference design available that illustrates using timer interrupts to control signal timing for the PWM signals to control RC servos.

When using the MPIDE development environment, the Servo library can be used to drive servos attached to these connectors. The symbols PIN_S1 through PIN_S8 can be used to refer to the servo connectors being used.

The following give the correspondence between servo connector, MPIDE digital pin number, and microcontroller I/O Port register and bit position:

  • S1 – PIN_S1, digital pin 16, RG12
  • S2 – PIN_S2, digital pin 17, RG13
  • S3 – PIN_S3, digital pin 18, RG14
  • S4 – PIN_S4, digital pin 19, RG15
  • S5 – PIN_S5, digital pin 20, RG0
  • S6 – PIN_S6, digital pin 21, RG1
  • S7 – PIN_S7, digital pin 22, RF0
  • S8 – PIN_S8, digital pin 23, RF1

There are three options for supplying power to the servo connections:

  • A common power bus (BRD_VU) for the ChipKIT Pro MX4 and servos
  • Separate on-board power busses for the ChipKIT Pro MX4 (BRD_VU) and the servos (VS)
  • An on-board power bus for the ChipKIT Pro MX4 (BRD_VU) and an external power bus for servos

For the first case above: Install a shorting block on jumper JP1 to connect the VS servo power bus to the BRD_VU power bus. The servo power bus is then powered from the same source as the BRD_VU power bus. Powering a large number of servos from USB power is not recommended. Pin header jumpers and shorting blocks such as JP1 are rated for a maximum of 2A of current. USB power (J12 in the USB, DBG, or URT positions) should only be used to power a couple of servos to avoid exceeding the 500mA that a USB device is allowed to use.

For the second case above: Remove the shorting block from jumper JP2 to make the VS servo power bus independent from the BRD_VU bus. Attach the servo power supply to screw terminal connector J5.

Finally, for very high servo current applications, a separate power bus external to the ChipKIT Pro MX4 can be used to provide servo power. In this case, remove the shorting block on JP1, tie the external servo power bus ground to the ChipKIT Pro MX4 ground through the ground terminal on J10, and use pin 1 on the servo connectors to bring the servo control signals out to the servos. The servo power and ground connections are made off-board.

The on-board servo power bus can be used to provide a maximum of 2A to each servo connector and 5A total to all servo connectors.


6 5V Signal Compatibility

The PIC32 microcontroller operates at 3.3V. And the I/O pins provide 3.3V logic levels. It is possible, in some circumstances, to use the ChipKIT Pro MX4 to operate with 5V logic devices.

There are two issues to consider when dealing with 5V compatibility for 3.3V logic. The first is protection of 3.3V inputs from damage caused by 5V signals. The second is whether the 3.3V output is high enough to be recognized as a logic high value by a 5V input.

The digital I/O pins on the PIC32 microcontroller are all 5V tolerant. It is safe to apply 5V logic signals directly to these pins without risk of damage to the microcontroller.

The analog capable I/O pins on the PIC32 are not 5V tolerant. The absolute maximum voltage rating for the analog pins is 3.6V. Generally, the analog pins are the pins on I/O port B, however, there are other non-5V tolerant pins on the device.

See the appendices to determine which pins are 5V tolerant.

If a 5V signal is applied to a non-5V tolerant pin, some external means must be used to limit the applied voltage to 3.6V or less. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 board provides 200 ohm series resistors between the microcontroller pins and the Pmod connector pins. These resistors are primarily intended to provide short circuit protection on the outputs, but will also provide limited protection if a 5V signal is inadvertently applied to a non-5V tolerant pin.

One technique that can be used to limit an input voltage to a safe level is to use a 200 ohm series resistor and Shottky diode connected to the 3.3V supply to clamp the voltage.

The minimum output high voltage of the PIC32 microcontroller is rated at 2.4V when sourcing 12mA of current. When driving a high impedance input (typical of CMOS logic) the output high voltage will be close to 3.3V. Some 5V devices will recognize this voltage as a logic high input, and some won’t. Many 5V logic inputs will work reliably with 3.3V inputs.

If the 3.3V logic output is not sufficient for the 5V logic input to be reliably seen as a logic high input signal, some external means must be used to raise the output level. In some cases, a pull-up resistor to 5V is sufficient. A pull-up resistor in the range of 2Kohm–10kOhm can be used. This technique should not be used with pins that are not 5V tolerant on the PIC32 microcontroller.


7 CPU Clock Source

The PIC32 microcontroller supports numerous clock source options for the main processor operating clock. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 circuit board is designed to support either a silicon resonator from Discera, IC8, for use with the EC oscillator option, or an external crystal for use with the XT oscillator option. Standard production boards will have an 8Mhz Discera silicon resonator loaded and the EC oscillator option should be used. If IC2 is not loaded, an 8Mhz crystal will be loaded for X1 (on the top of the board) and the XT oscillator option should be used. Oscillator options are selected via the configuration variables specified using the #pragma config statement. Use

#pragma config POSCMOD=EC

to select the EC option and

#pragma config POSCMOD=XT

to select the XT option.

Using the internal system clock phase-locked loop (PLL), it is possible to select numerous multiples or divisions of the 8Mhz input frequency to produce CPU operating frequencies up to 80Mhz. The clock circuit PLL provides an input divider, multiplier, and output divider. The external clock frequency (8Mhz) is first divided by the selected input divider value. This is multiplied by the selected multiplier value and then finally divided by the selected output divider. The result is the system clock, SYSCLK, frequency. The SYSCLK frequency is used by the CPU, DMA controller, interrupt controller and pre-fetch cache.

The values controlling the operating frequency are specified using the PIC32MX460 configuration variables. These are set using the #pragma config statement. Use

#pragma config FPLLIDIV

to set the input divider,

#pragma config FPLLMUL

to set the multiplication factor and

#pragma config FPLLODIV

to set the output divider. Refer to the PIC32MX3XX/4XX Family Data Sheet and the PIC32MX Family Reference Manual, Section 6. Oscillators, for information on how to choose the correct values, as not all combinations of multiplication and division factors will work.

In addition to configuring the SYSCLK frequency, the peripheral bus clock, PBCLK, frequency is also configurable. The peripheral bus clock is used for most peripheral devices, and in particular is the clock used by the timers, and serial controllers (UART, SPI, I2C). The PBLCK frequency is a division of the SYSCLK frequency selected using #pragma config FPBDIV. The PBCLK divider can be set to divide by 1, 2, 4, or 8 using the values DIV_1, DIV_2, DIV_4 or DIV_8.

The following example will set up the ChipKIT Pro MX4 for operation using the Discrea silicon resonator with a SYSCLK frequency of 80Mhz and a PBCLK frequency of 10Mhz:

#pragma config FNOSC = PRIPLL
#pragma config POSCMOD = EC
#pragma config FPLLIDIV = DIV_2
#pragma config FPLLMUL = MUL_20
#pragma config FPLLODIV = DIV_1
#pragma config FPBDIV = DIV_8

Documentation for the PIC32 configuration variables can be found in the PIC32MX Configuration Settings guide. This is found using the “Help.Topics…” command in the MPLAB IDE. Also, refer to Appendix B for an example of setting the configuration variables.

When using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 with the MPIDE software, the clock source is set by the boot loader and no action is required.


8 USB Interface

The PIC32MX460 microcontroller contains a USB 2.0 Compliant, Full Speed Device and On-The-Go (OTG) controller. This controller provides the following features:

  • USB full speed host and device support
  • Low speed host support
  • USB OTG support
  • Endpoint buffering anywhere in system RAM
  • Integrated DMA to access system RAM and Flash memory.

The USB controller uses a phased lock loop, PLL, to generate the necessary USB clock frequency from the external primary oscillator input frequency. By default, this PLL is disabled. In order to use the USB controller, it is necessary to enable the USB PLL, and set the input divider to the correct value to generate a valid USB clock. The input to the USB PLL must be 4Mhz. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 provides an 8Mhz clock to the PIC32 microcontroller, so a USB PLL input divider value of 2 must be used. These parameters are set in the PIC32 microcontroller configuration registers using the #pragma config statement. The following statements must be used to configure the PIC32 microcontroller for use of the USB controller:

#pragma config UPLLEN = ON
#pragma config UPLLIDIV = DIV_2

When using the chipKIT MPIDE development environment, these will have been set by the boot loader, so no action is needed.

When operating as a USB device, the ChipKIT Pro MX4 can be operated as a self-powered device or as a bus powered device. To operate as a self-powered device, an external power supply should be connected to one of the external power connectors (J13, J14 or J18) and a shorting block placed on the “EXT” position of J12. To operate as a USB bus powered device, the shorting block should be placed in the USB Device position, “USB”, on J12.

Note that when operating as a bus powered device, the ChipKIT Pro MX4 and all devices connected to it are limited to using no more than 500mA of current.

Connector J15, on the bottom of the board in the lower right corner is the Device/OTG connector. This is a standard USB micro-AB connector. Connect a cable with a micro-A plug (optionally available from Digilent) from this connector to an available USB port on a PC or USB hub for device operation.

When operating as a USB host, the ChipKIT Pro MX4 must be externally powered. Connect a regulated 5V power supply to one of the external power connectors (J13, J14, or J18) and ensure that the shorting block is in the center, “EXT” position of J12. The power supply used must be a regulated 5V supply. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 board provides power to the attached USB device when operating as a host, and the USB specification requires the use of a 5V power supply. NOTE: Providing a voltage greater than 5V can damage the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board and/or the USB device being used.

Connector J17, on the top of the board in the lower right corner is the USB host connector. This is a standard USB type A receptacle. USB devices may be connected either directly or through a standard USB cable.









Jumper JP6 is used to route power to the host connector being used. Place the shorting block in the “HOST” position when using the standard USB type A (host) connector, J17. Place the shorting block in the “OTG” position for use with the USB micro-AB (OTG) connector, J15.

When operating as a USB host, the PIC32MX460 microcontroller controls application of power to the connected device via the VBUSON control pin. Bus power is applied to the device by driving the VBUSON pin high. Power is removed from the device by driving the VBUSON pin low. The VBUSON pin is accessed via bit 3 of the U1OTGCON register.









Pin 20 of the PIC32MX460 microcontroller is used for the VBUSON function. Place the shorting block in the VBUSON position of jumper block J16 when using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 for USB host operation.









The VBUSON pin drives the enable input of a TPS2051B Current-Limited Power Distribution Switch to control the application of USB power to the host connector. This switch has over-current detection capability and provides an over-current fault indication by pulling the signal P32_USBOC low. Jumper JP5 is used to enable monitoring of the overcurrent fault indication. The over-current output pin can be monitored via the INT2/RE9 pin on the PIC32MX460 microcontroller when a shorting block is installed on JP5. The INT2/RE9 pin is also connected to Pmod connector JE, pin 7 (JE-07). Pmod connector pin JE-07 should not be used when using INT2/RE9 to monitor the USB overcurrent fault indicator. Remove the shorting block from JP5 to restore normal operation of JE-07.

Details about the operation of the TPS2051B can be obtained from the data sheet available at the Texas Instruments web site.

Jumper JP10 can be used to disconnect the power supply from USB load switch, IC6, when the board is operating from a power supply with a higher voltage than 5V. When the ChipKIT Pro MX4 is operating as a USB host, a shorting block must be in place on JP10.

The Microchip Applications Library, MAL, available on the Microchip web site contains USB driver code for implementing either USB host devices or USB function devices. This library contains numerous examples demonstrating both device and host operation of PIC32 microcontrollers. With minor modification or configuration, these reference designs are suitable to use for developing USB firmware for the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board.

Digilent has USB libraries available that can be used to develop both USB device and USB host applications when using the board with the MPIDE development environment. These libraries can be downloaded from the ChipKIT Pro MX4 product page on the Digilent web site.

The Digilent chipKIT libraries contain examples illustrating various USB host and device applications.


9 UART Interface

The PIC32MX460 microcontroller provides two UART interfaces, UART1 and UART2. These UARTs can provide either a 2-wire or a 4-wire asynchronous serial interface. The 2-wire interface provides receive (RX) and transmit (TX) signals. The 4-wire interface includes request-to-send (RTS) and clear-to-send (CTS) in addition to receive and transmit.

UART1 can be accessed from Pmod connector JE and UART2 can be accessed from Pmod connector JH using the following pins:

  • U1CTS JE-01
  • U1TX JE-02
  • U1RX JE-03
  • U1RTS JE-04
  • U2CTS JH-01
  • U2TX JH-02
  • U2RX JH-03
  • U2RTS JH-04

Detailed information about the operation of the UART peripherals can be found in the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 21, UART.

The USB Serial converter is connected to UART1. The MPIDE uses this to communicate with the boot loader. This can also be used for a serial communications interface between the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board and other software running on a PC. Resistors are used to decouple the USB serial interface and so UART1 can also be used via Pmod connector JE when it is not being used to communicate via the USB serial converter.

Note that when using the MPIDE software, devices connected to JE can interfere with the operation of the serial interface and prevent the MPIDE from successfully downloading sketches to the board. If this happens, disconnect the external device from JE until the sketch has been downloaded and then reconnect it.

When using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 with the MPIDE and the chipKIT system, the UARTs are accessed using the HardwareSerial facility built into the system. UART1, connector JE, is accessed using the Serial object and UART2, connector JH, is accessed using Serial1.


10 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)

SPI is a four wire synchronous serial interface and SPI devices can operate as either master devices or as slave devices. The PIC32 microcontroller labels the four SPI signals as Slave Select (SS), Serial Data Out (SDO), Serial Data In (SDI), and Serial Clock (SCK). A master device transmits SS, SDO and SCK, and receives SDI. A slave device receives SS, SDI, and SCK and transmits SDO. The SS signal is used to enable the slave device, and this signal is only significant for slave devices. A master device can use any general purpose I/O pin to generate SS to enable the slave.

An SPI transaction begins with the master device bringing SS low. When the slave sees SS go low it becomes enabled and waits for the master to send data. The master shifts data out on SDO and simultaneously shifts data in on SDI. The slave device receives data from the master on its SDI pin and simultaneously sends data to the master on its SDO pin. Each time the master sends a byte to the slave, it simultaneously receives a byte from the slave.

The PIC32MX460 microcontroller provides two Serial Peripheral Interfaces, SPI1 and SPI2. SPI2 is accessed via Pmod connector JB and SPI1 is accessed via connector J1. Because of the way that peripheral functions are shared on the pins on the PIC32 microcontroller, the signals on J1 are shared with various Pmod connectors around the board. For this reason, when using only a single SPI port, SPI2 is the preferred port to use.

The following gives the mapping between SPI signals and connector pins:

  • SS2 JB-01
  • SDO2 JB-02
  • SDI2 JB-03
  • SCK2 JB-04
  • SS1 J1-01 (also JD-03)
  • SDO1 J1-02 (also JH-08)
  • SDI1 J1-03 (also JK-10)
  • SCK1 J1-04 (also JD-09)

Detailed information about the operation of the SPI peripherals can be found in the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 23, Serial Peripheral Interface.

When using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 with the MPIDE and the chipKIT system, the SPI ports are accessed using either the standard chipKIT SPI library or using the Digilent DSPI library.

The standard SPI library supports access to a single SPI port, SPI2. This is accessed using the SPI object.

The DSPI library supports access to both SPI ports. The DSPI0 object class is used to create an object used to access the default SPI port, SPI2, connector JB. The DSPI1 object class is used to access SPI1, connector J1.


11 I²C™ Interface

The Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C) Interface provides a medium speed (100K or 400K bps) synchronous serial communications bus. The I2C interface provides master and slave operation using either 7 bit or 10 bit device addressing. Each device is given a unique address, and the protocol provides the ability to address packets to a specific device or to broadcast packets to all devices on the bus. Refer to the Microchip PIC32MX3XX/4XX Family Data Sheet and the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 24, Inter-Integrated Circuit, for detailed information on configuring and using the I2C interface.

The PIC32MX460 microcontroller provides for two independent I2C interfaces. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 is designed to provide dedicated access to one of these interfaces, I2C2, using I2C daisy chain connector J6. The other I2C interface, I2C1, is accessed using I2C daisy chain connector J2. The signals for I2C1 are shared with Pmod connector JF, and also appear on pins 1 & 2 of JF.


The I2C daisy chain connectors provide two positions for connecting to the I2C signals, SDA and SCL, as well as power and ground. By using two-wire or four-wire MTE cables (available separately from Digilent) a daisy chain of multiple ChipKIT Pro MX4 boards or other I2C-capable boards or devices can be created.

The I2C bus is an open-collector bus. Devices on the bus actively drive the signals low. The high state of the I2C signals is achieved by pull-up resistors when no device is driving the lines low. One device on the I2C bus must provide the pull-up resistors. On the ChipKIT Pro MX4, I2C2 has fixed 2.2K ohm pull-up resistors. I2C1 has selectable pull-up resistors that can be enabled or disabled via jumpers J3 and J4. The pull-ups are enabled by installing shorting blocks and are disabled by removing the shorting blocks. Generally, only one device on the bus will have the pull-ups enabled.

11.1 Jumper Setting for I²C Pull Up Resistors

When using the ChipKIT Pro MX4 with the MPIDE and the chipKIT system, the I2C interfaces are accessed using the standard chipKIT Wire library, or the Digilent DTWI library.

The Wire library supports a single I2C interface, I2C1 on J2. This is accessed using the Wire object.

The DTWI library supports both I2C interfaces. The DTWI0 object class is used to create an object for access to I2C1 and the DTWI1 object class is used to access I2C2.

The pinouts of the I2C daisy chain connectors are as follows:

Connector J2. I2C1

  • J2-1 – SCL1
  • J2-2 – SCL1
  • J2-3 – SDA1
  • J2-4 – SDA1
  • J2-5 – GND
  • J2-6 – GND
  • J2-7 – BRD_3V3
  • J2-8 – BRD_3V3

Connector J6, I2C2

  • J6-1 – SCL2
  • J6-2 – SCL2
  • J6-3 – SDA2
  • J6-4 – SDA2
  • J6-5 – GND
  • J6-6 – GND
  • J6-7 – BRD_3V3
  • J6-8 – BRD_3V3

11.2 On-Board I²C Peripheral Devices

The ChipKIT Pro MX4 provides two on-board I2C peripheral devices, a Microchip 24LC256 serial EEPROM, and a Microchip MCP4725 Digital to Analog Converter. These devices are both connected to I2C2. The 24LC256 is a 256Kbit (32Kbyte) serial EEPROM device to provide non-volatile memory storage. The MCP4725 is a single channel, 12-bit, serial digital to analog converter that provides an analog output voltage for various uses. The device address for IC2, the 24LC256 is 1010000 (0x50). The device address for IC3, the MCP4725, is 1100000 (0x60).

Refer to the Microchip data sheets for detailed information on the operation of these devices.

The analog output voltage from IC3 is available at two places on the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board. The two pin header, J10, provides the DAC output voltage and ground for connection to off-board applications.







The DAC output signal is also available at the center, DAC, position of jumper block J16. Placing a shorting block at this position connects the DAC output to pin 20 on the PIC32MX460 microcontroller. One of the functions for this pin is as one of the inputs to analog comparator #1 on the PIC32 device. This allows the output of the DAC to be used as a programmable reference voltage for the comparator.


12 Analog Inputs

The PIC32MX460 microcontroller provides a 10-bit analog to digital (A/D) converter that provides up to sixteen analog inputs. The ChipKIT Pro MX4 board provides access to 14 of them on the Pmod connectors. The converted values produced by the A/D converter will be in the range 0–1023.

For detailed information on the operation and use of the A/D converter, refer to the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 17, 10-bit AD Converter.

The analog inputs are accessed using the analogRead() function in the MPIDE software. The analog input pin number is specified using the symbols A0–A13. The digital pin numbers for the pin or the numbers 0–13 can also be used, but using the symbols A0–A13 is recommended.

The following gives the Pmod connector position, digital pin number, and microcontroller I/O port and bit number for the analog inputs:

  • A0 – JJ-01, digital pin 56, RB0
  • A1 – JJ-02, digital pin 57, RB1
  • A2 – JJ-03, digital pin 58, RB2
  • A3 – JJ-04, digital pin 59, RB3
  • A4 – JJ-07, digital pin 60, RB4
  • A5 – JJ-08, digital pin 61, RB5
  • A6 – JJ-09, digital pin 62, RB8
  • A7 – JJ-10, digital pin 63, RB9
  • A8 – JK-01, digital pin 64, RB10
  • A9 – JK-02, digital pin 65, RB11
  • A10 – JK-03, digital pin 66, RB12
  • A11 – JK-04, digital pin 67, RB13
  • A12 – JB-07, digital pin 12, RB15
  • A13 – JB-10, digital pin 15, RB14

13 A/D Converter Voltage Reference

The PIC32 microcontroller provides two voltage reference inputs to the analog to digital converter. Vref- is used to set the lower reference level and Vref+ is used to set the upper reference level. These reference inputs can be connected to internal references or to external references using two of the analog input pins.

When the internal references are being used, Vref- is connected to VSS and Vref+ is connected to VDD. This means that the voltage input range at the analog input pins is 0V–3.3V. In this case, an input voltage of 0V will convert to ~0, an input voltage of 1.65V will convert to ~511, and an input voltage of 3.3V will convert to ~1023.

Either one, or both, of the references can be connected to external reference pins. When this is done, the references can be set to voltages other than 0V and 3.3V.

If, for example, both references were selected to use external references, with 1V applied to Vref- and 2V applied to Vref+, the input voltage range at the analog input pins would be from 1V to 2V. An applied voltage of 1V would have a converted value of ~0, 1.5V would have a converted value of ~511, and 2V would have a converted value of ~1023.

When both external references are being used, Vref+ must have a higher voltage applied to in than Vref-.

The analog reference input pins appear on Pmod connector JK, pins 7 & 8. Vref- is on pin JK-07, and Vref+ is on pin JK-08. These pins are not available to be used for digital I/O when being used as an external reference.

When using the MPIDE software, the use of external analog references is selected using the analogReference() function. The following values can be used with analogReference():

  • DEFAULT – Vref- = 0V, Vref+ = 3.3V
  • INTERNAL – same as default
  • EXTERNAL – Vref- = 0V, Vref+ = voltage at A2
  • EXTMINUS – Vref- = voltage at A3, Vref+ = 3.3V
  • EXTPLUSMINUS – Vref- = voltage at A3, Vref+ = voltage at A2

14 Timers

The PIC32 microcontroller provides five timers that can be used for various timing functions. These timers are each 16 bits wide, although two pairs, TIMER2/TIMER3 and TIMER4/TIMER5 can be combined to produce 32 bit wide timers.

A timer consists of a control register, a counter register, and a period register. The control register is used to configure the timer for various modes of operation. The count register counts cycles of the clock source selected via the control register. This clock source can be the peripheral bus clock or a division of the peripheral bus clock via a pre-scaler divider. The period register can be used to generate an interrupt and/or reset the count register when a pre-determined value is reached.

Each timer has an associated input pin. In some operating modes, this pin can be used as an external clock input to the timer, or as a gate input to turn on/off incrementing of the counter register under control of an external signal.

The following gives the Pmod connector position, chipKIT pin number, and microcontroller I/O port and bit number for the timer input pins.

  • TCK1 – not available
  • TCK2 – JD-04, digital pin 27, RC01
  • TCK3 – JD-10, digital pin 31, RC02
  • TCK4 – JE-10, digital pin 39, RC03
  • TCK5 – JK-10, digital pin 71, RC04

For detailed information on the operation of the PIC32 timers, refer to the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 14, Timers.

When using the MPIDE software, the symbols PIN_TCK2, PIN_TCK3, PIN_TCK4, and PIN_TCK5 can be used to access the timer input pins.

Control and operation of the timers is not explicitly provided in the current version of the MPIDE software. This capability will be added in a future version of the software. Timers are used implicitly by various core functions and libraries, however.


15 Output Compare

The PIC32 microcontroller provides five output compare units that can be used to control the timing of state changes on certain output pins or to generate pulse width modulated (PWM) outputs.

Each output compare unit works with a particular output pin (OC1-OC5). They can be programmed to control the pin in any of the following ways:

  • PWM output
  • Generate continuous pulses
  • Generate a single pulse
  • Toggle the output pin
  • Generate falling edge
  • Generate rising edge

The output compare units work in conjunction with a timer. Either Timer2 or Timer3 can be used with any of the five output compare units.

Refer to the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 16, Output Compare for detailed information on the use of the output compares units.

When using the MPIDE software, these are accessed using the analogWrite() function. The digital pin number, or preferably, the symbols PIN_OC1 through PIN_OC5 are used to specify the pin. The MPIDE software currently only supports using the output compare units to generate PWM outputs. It uses Timer2 to control the output compares.

The following gives Pmod connector position, chipKIT pin number, and microcontroller I/O port and bit number for the output compare unit’s output pins:

  • OC1 – JH-08, digital pin 53, RD0
  • OC2 – JD-02, digital pin 25, RD1
  • OC3 – JD-08, digital pin 29, RD2
  • OC4 – JE-08, digital pin 37, RD3
  • OC5 – JB-09, digital pin 14, RD4

16 Input Capture

The PIC32 microcontroller provides five input capture units. An input capture unit works in conjunction with a timer and monitors the state of an associated pin. When the pin changes state, the current value of the timer is captured. The input capture units can be used with either Timer2 or Timer3.

The input capture unit can be programmed to be sensitive to either a rising edge, a falling edge, or both edges on the input pin. An interrupt can also be signaled when an input capture is triggered. Each input capture has a four level deep FIFO that can buffer up to four capture events.

For detailed information on the operation and use of the input capture units, refer to the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 15, Input Capture.

The following gives the Pmod connector position, chipKIT pin number, and microcontroller port and bit number for the input capture units input pins:

  • IC1 – JH-09, digital pin 54, RD08
  • IC2 – JD-03, digital pin 26, RD09
  • IC3 – JD-03, digital pin 30, RD10
  • IC4 – JE-09, digital pin 38, RD11
  • IC5 – JK-09, digital pin 70, RD12

When using the MPIDE software, the symbols PIN_IC1, PIN_IC2, PIN_IC3, PIN_IC4, and PIN_IC5 can be used to access the capture input pins.

Use of the input capture units is not currently supported in the MPIDE software. This will be added in a future version.


17 External Interrupts

The PIC32 microcontroller provides five external interrupt inputs. An external interrupt input can be used to generate an interrupt to the microprocessor CPU when the pin changes state. They can be programmed to interrupt on a rising edge or a falling edge on the pin.

Refer to the PIC32 Family Reference Manual, Section 8, Interrupts for more information on the operation of the external interrupts.

These are accessed using the attachInterrupt() and detachInterrupt() functions when using the MPIDE software. The interrupt number is specified using the numbers 0-4, or preferably, the symbols EXT_INT0 through EXT_INT4.

The following gives Pmod connector position, chipKIT pin number, and microcontroller I/O port and bit number:

  • INT0 – JH-08, digital pin 53, RD0
  • INT1 – JH-07, digital pin 52, RE8
  • INT2 – JE-07, digital pin 36, RE9
  • INT3 – JF-01, digital pin 40, RA14
  • INT4 – JF-02, digital pin 41, RA15

18 RTCC

The PIC32 microcontroller contains a low frequency oscillator and Real Time Clock/Calendar circuit, RTCC, that can be used to maintain time and date information. The operation of the RTCC requires a 32.768Khz frequency source. The crystal X2 position, just above and on the right of the PIC32 microcontroller, IC1, is provided for the user to solder in a 32Khz watch crystal. The Citizen CFS206-32.768KDZF-UB is a crystal part that can be used in this location.


Appendix A: Connector Descriptions and Jumper Settings

Label Function Notes
J1 SPI Port #1 Connector Because of multiple uses for the pins, the signals for SPI port #1 are scattered across multiple Pmod connectors. This connector provides all of the SPI port #1 signals on a single connector.
J2 I2C Port #1 Daisy Chain Connector Provides access to the I2C signals, power and ground for I2C1.
J3 & J4 Pull-up Enable for I2C Port #1 These two jumpers are used to enable/disable the pull-up resistors on I2C1 by inserting shorting blocks. Remove the shorting blocks to disable the pull-up resistors. Only a single device on the I2C bus should have the pull-up resistors enabled.
J5 Servo Bus Power Connector This connector is used to provide power to the servo power bus, VS.
J6 I2C Port #2 Daisy Chain Connector Provides acces to the I2C signals, power and ground for I2C2
J7 USB Serial Converter Auxiliary Signals Used to access the auxiliary RS232 handshaking signals not used on the chipKIT Pro MX4.
J8 USB Serial Converter (UART) Connector USB micro-A connector used to connect the FT232R serial converter to a USB port on the user PC.
J9 Licensed Debugger USB Connector USB micro-A connector used to connect the licensed debugger to a USB port on the user PC.
J10 DAC Output The analog output voltage if IC3, the MCP4725 digital to analog converter, is available at this connector.
J11 Do Not Use Used for manufacturing purposes.
J12 Power Supply Source Select Used to select the source of main board power.
A shorting block in the USB position powers the MX4 from the USB connector J15.
A shorting block in the EXT position powers the MX4 from one of the external power connectors J13, J14, or J18.
A shorting block in the DBG position powers the Mx4 through the debugger USB connector J9.
A shorting block in the URT postion powers the MX4 from the USB serial converter J8.
J13 External Power Connector This is a 5.5mm x 2.5mm coaxial power connector wired center positive. This is used to supply external power to the board.
J14 External Power Connector This is a two pin header connector that can be used to supply external power to the board.
J15 USB OTG Connector A USB micro-A connector that is used when the MX4 is used to implement a USB device, or USB OTG device.
J16 PIC32 pin 20 Function Select Pin 20 on the PIC32MX460 microcontroller has multiple functions. It functions as the VBUSON control pin when acting as a USB host. It can be used as an analog input for the A/D converter or one of the analog comparators. It can also be used as a pin change interrupt input or as a general digital i/o. This jumper is used to route pin 20 to one of three places on the board:
Place a shorting block in the upper, VBUSON, position when acting as a USB host to control the USB power supplied to the connected device.
Place a shorting block in the middle, DAC, position to connect the output of the MCP4725 digital to analog converter to pin 20. This allows the use of the DAC output as an input to analog comparator #1.
Place a shorting block in the lower, JJ-8, position to connect pin 20 to Pmod connector JJ, pin 8. This allows access to pin 20 from this Pmod connector.
J17 USB Host Connector A standard USB type A connector. This is used to connect a USB device when the MX4 is being used as a USB host.
J18 External Power Connector A two pin screw terminal connector that can be used to supply external power to the board.
J19 Auxiliary Power Out Provides access to the unregulated power bus BRD_VU and GND. It can be used to distribute power to other boards from the ChipKIT Pro MX4.
JP1 Connect VS Bus to BRD_VU Bus Connects the VS bus to the BRD_VU bus. The VS bus provides power to the servo connectors, S1-S8. The BRD_VU bus is the main board power bus. Install a shorting block on this jumper to have the servo power bus powered from the main power bus. Remove the shorting block from this jumper to separate the two power busses. When using a separate servo power bus, the VS bus is powered from screw terminal connector J5.
JP2 VS Bus Voltage Monitor Enables monitoring of the VS bus voltage. When a shorting block is installed on this jumper, the VS bus is connected via a voltage divider to analog input AN9. This can be used, for example, to monitor the state of a battery supply being used to power servos.
JP3 Connector JB Pin 7 Signal Select Used to route either signal SCL1/INT3/RA14 or MALL/AN15/CN12/RB15 to the pin 7 position of Pmod connector JB. The jumper is normally in the RB15 position. This allows connector the PIC32 Parallel Master Port to be used with connector JB. Place the jumper in the INT3 position when using JB to access an SPI device that requires an interrupt on pin 7.
JP4 BRD_VU Bus Voltage Monitor Used to enable monitoring of the BRD_VU bus voltage. When a shorting block is installed on this jumper, the BRD_VU bus is connected via a voltage divider to analog input AN8. This can be used, for example, to monitor the state of a battery supply being used to power the board.
JP5 USB Over-Current Protect Enables monitoring of the over-current detect capability of the USB bus power switch, IC6. When a shorting block is installed on this jumper, the over-current output pin of IC6 is connected to the INT2/RE9 pin of the PIC32MX460 microcontroller.
JP6 USB Host Power Select Selects which host connector is powered when host power is enabled. Place the shorting block in the “OTG” position to supply power to the USB OTG Connector, J15. Place the shorting block in the “HOST” position to supply power to the USB Host Connector, J17.
JP7 Do Not Use Used for manufacturing test purposes.
JP8 USB Serial Converter Reset Disconnet Uto connect/disconnect the USB serial converter reset circuit from the PIC32 MCLR pin. The shorting block must be in place on this jumper when using the chipKIT MPIDE development tools. Remove the shorting block if the USB serial converter is interfering with proper operation of the licensed debugger circuit when using the MPLAB tool.
JP9 Do Not Use Used for manufacturing test purposes.
JP10 USB Power Host Disconnect Disconnects the USB load switch, IC6, from the BRD_VU bus when the board is being operated from an external power supply with a voltage greater than 5V. This allows operation of the board from a higher voltage power supply.
S1-S8 Servo Connectors Provide connection for up to 8 RC hobby servos. Each of these connectors provides a control signal (S), servo power (VS), and a ground connection (G). The signal pins on these connectors are shared with the signal pins on Pmod connector JC.
JPA-JPF & JPH-JPK Pmod Header Power Select Any of the Pmod headers can be connected to use either regulated or unregulated power. To use regulated 3.3V power, place the jumper block over the center pin and the pin marked 3V3. To use unregulated external power, place the jumper block over the center pin and the pin marked BRD_VU.

Appendix B: Example of Configuration Values

The following example illustrates setting the configuration values in the PIC32 microcontroller on the ChipKIT Pro MX4. The microcontroller configuration should be done in a single source file in the project, and is typically done in the ‘main’ project source file. This example sets all configuration values to valid values for the ChipKIT Pro MX4 board. It sets the system clock for processor operation at 80Mhz, and the peripheral bus at 10Mhz.

/* ------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*                 PIC32 Configuration Settings                 */
/* ------------------------------------------------------------ */

/* Oscillator Settings*/

#pragma config FNOSC = PRIPLL // Oscillator selection
#pragma config POSCMOD = EC // Primary oscillator mode
#pragma config FPLLIDIV = DIV_2 // PLL input divider
#pragma config FPLLMUL = MUL_20 // PLL multiplier
#pragma config FPLLODIV = DIV_1 // PLL output divider
#pragma config FPBDIV = DIV_8 // Peripheral bus clock divider
#pragma config FSOSCEN = OFF // Secondary oscillator enable

/* Clock control settings*/

#pragma config IESO = OFF // Internal/external clock switchover
#pragma config FCKSM = CSDCMD // Clock switching (CSx)/Clock monitor (CMx)
#pragma config OSCIOFNC = OFF // Clock output on OSCO pin enable

/* USB Settings*/

#pragma config UPLLEN = ON // USB PLL enable
#pragma config UPLLIDIV = DIV_2 // USB PLL input divider
#pragma config FVBUSONIO = OFF // VBUS pin control
#pragma config FUSBIDIO = OFF // USBID pin control

/* Other Peripheral Device settings*/

#pragma config FWDTEN = OFF // Watchdog timer enable
#pragma config WDTPS = PS1024 // Watchdog timer post-scaler
#pragma config FSRSSEL = PRIORITY_7 // SRS interrupt priority

/* Code Protection settings*/

#pragma config CP = OFF // Code protection
#pragma config BWP = OFF // Boot flash write protect
#pragma config PWP = OFF // Program flash write protect

/* Debug settings*/

//#pragma config ICESEL = ICS_PGx2 // ICE pin selection 

Appendix C: Connector Pinout Tables

By Microcontroller Pin #

PIC32 Pin # Connector Pin # chipKIT Pin # MCU Port & Bit PIC32 Signal Name Notes
1* JC-04 19 RG15 RG15 also servo S4
3* JA-08 5 RE05 PMD5/RE5
4* JA-09 6 RE06 PMD6/RE6
5* JA-10 7 RE07 PMD7/RE7
6* JD-04 27 RC01 T2CK/RC1
7* JD-10 31 RC02 T3CK/RC2
8* JE-10 39 RC03 T4CK/RC3
9* JK-10 71 RC04 SDI1/T5CK/RC4 also J1-03
10* JB-04 11 RG06 PMA5/SCK2/CN8/RG6
11* JB-03 10 RG07 PMA4/SDI2/CN9/RG7
12* JB-02 9 RG08 PMA3/SDO2/CN10/RG8
14* JB-01 8 RG09 PMA2/SS2/CN11/RG9
17* JF-07 44 RA00 TMS/RA0
18* JH-07 52 RE08 INT1/RE8 also J1-07
19* JE-07 36 RE09 INT2/RE9 also JP5, USB OC_SENSE
20 JJ-08 61 RB05 VBUSON/C1IN+/AN5/CN7/RB5 selected by J16
21 JJ-07 60 RB04 C1IN-/AN4/CN6/RB4
22 JJ-04 59 RB03 C2IN+/AN3/CN5/RB3
23 JJ-03 58 RB02 C2IN-/AN2/CN4/RB2
24 JJ-02 57 RB01 PGC1/EMUC1/AN1/CN3/RB1
25 JJ-01 56 RB00 PGD1/EMUD1/AN0/CN2/RB0
26 N/A N/A RB06 PGC2/EMUC2/AN6/OCFA/RB6 debug PGC
27 N/A N/A RB07 PGD2/EMUD2/AN7/RB7 debug PGD
28 JK-07 68 RA09 PMA7/Vref-/CVref-/RA9
29 JK-08 69 RA10 PMA6/Vref+/CVref+/RA10
32 JJ-09 62 RB08 C1OUT/AN8/RB8
33 JJ-10 63 RB09 C2OUT/AN9/RB9
34 JK-01 64 RB10 CVrefout/PMA13/AN10/RB10 also LD1
35 JK-02 65 RB11 PMA12/AN11/RB11 also LD2
38* JF-08 45 RA01 TCK/RA1
39* JH-04 51 RF13 U2RTS/BCLK2/RF13
40* JH-01 48 RF12 U2CTS/RF12
41 JK-03 66 RB12 PMA11/AN12/RB12 also LD3
42 JK-04 67 RB13 PMA10/AN13/RB13 also LD4
43 JB-10 15 RB14 PMALH/PMA1/AN14/RB14
44 JB-07 12 RB15 PMALL/PMA0/AN15/OCFB/CN12/RB15
47* JE-01 32 RD14 CN20/U1CTS/RD14
48* JE-04 35 RD15 U1RTS/BCLK1/CN21/RD15
49* JH-03 50 RF04 PMA9/U2RX/CN17/RF4
50* JH-02 49 RF05 PMA8/U2TX/CN18/RF5
51* N/A N/A RF03 USBID/RF3 USB-4
52* JE-03 34 RF02 U1RX/RF2
53* JE-02 33 RF08 U1TX/RF8
56 N/A N/A RG03 D-/RG3 USB-2
57 N/A N/A RG02 D+/RG2 USB-3
58* J6-1, J6-2 72 RA02 SCL2/RA2 I2C2
59* J6-3, J6-4 73 RA03 SDA2/RA3 I2C2
60* JF-09 46 RA04 TDI/RA4
61* JF-10 47 RA05 TDO/RA5
63 N/A N/A RC12 OSC1/CLKI/RC12 Primary Oscillator
64 N/A N/A RC15 OSC2/CLKO/RC15 Primary Oscillator
66* JF-01 40 RA14 SCL1/INT3/RA14 also J2-01,J2-02 I2C1
67* JF-02 41 RA15 SDA1/INT4/RA15 alsoJ2-03, J2-04 I2C1
68* JH-09 54 RD08 IC1/RTCC/RD8 also J1-08
69* JD-03 26 RD09 IC2/SS1/RD9 also J1-01
70* JD-09 30 RD10 IC3/SCK1/PMCS2/PMA15/RD10 also J1-04
71* JE-09 38 RD11 IC4/PMCS1/PMA14/RD11
72* JH-08 53 RD00 SDO1/OC1/INT0/RD0 also J1-02
73 N/A N/A RC13 SOSCI/CN1/RC13 Secondary Oscillator
74 N/A N/A RC14 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RC14 Secondary Oscillator
76* JD-02 25 RD01 OC2/RD1
77* JD-08 29 RD02 OC3/RD2
78* JE–0 37 RD03 OC4/RD3
79* JK-09 70 RD12 PMD12/IC5/RD12
80* JH-10 55 RD13 PMD13/CN19/RD13
81* JB-09 14 RD04 PMWR/OC5/CN13/RD4
82* JB-08 13 RD05 PMRD/CN14/RD5
83* JD-07 28 RD06 PMD14/CN15/RD6 also J1-09
84* JD-01 24 RD07 PMD15/CN16/RD7
87* JC-09 22 RF00 PMD11/RF0 also servo S7
88* JC-10 23 RF01 PMD10/RF1 also servo S8
89* JC-08 21 RG01 PMD9/RG1 also servo S6
90* JC-07 20 RG00 PMD8/RG0 also servo S5
91* JF-03 42 RA06 TRCLK/RA6 also BTN1
92* JF-04 43 RA07 TRD3/RA7 also BTN2
93* JA-01 0 RE00 PMD0/RE0
94* JA-02 1 RE01 PMD1/RE1
95* JC-03 18 RG14 TRD2/RG14 also servo S3
96* JC-01 16 RG12 TRD1/RG12 also servo S1
97* JC-02 17 RG13 TRD0/RG13 also servo S2
98* JA-03 2 RE02 PMD2/RE2
99* JA-04 3 RE03 PMD3/RE3
100* JA-07 4 RE04 PMD4/RE4

* indicates 5V tolerant PIC32 pin

By Connector Pin # & Digital Pin #

PIC32 Pin # Connector Pin # chipKIT Pin # MCU Port & Bit PIC32 Signal Name Notes
93* JA-01 0 RE00 PMD0/RE0
94* JA-02 1 RE01 PMD1/RE1
98* JA-03 2 RE02 PMD2/RE2
99* JA-04 3 RE03 PMD3/RE3
100* JA-07 4 RE04 PMD4/RE4
3* JA-08 5 RE05 PMD5/RE5
4* JA-09 6 RE06 PMD6/RE6
5* JA-10 7 RE07 PMD7/RE7
14* JB-01 8 RG09 PMA2/SS2/CN11/RG9
12* JB-02 9 RG08 PMA3/SDO2/CN10/RG8
11* JB-03 10 RG07 PMA4/SDI2/CN9/RG7
10* JB-04 11 RG06 PMA5/SCK2/CN8/RG6
44 JB-07 12 RB15 PMALL/PMA0/AN15/OCFB/CN12/RB15
82* JB-08 13 RD05 PMRD/CN14/RD5
81* JB-09 14 RD04 PMWR/OC5/CN13/RD4
43 JB-10 15 RB14 PMALH/PMA1/AN14/RB14
96* JC-01 16 RG12 TRD1/RG12 also servo S1
97* JC-02 17 RG13 TRD0/RG13 also servo S2
95* JC-03 18 RG14 TRD2/RG14 also servo S3
1* JC-04 19 RG15 RG15 also servo S4
90* JC-07 20 RG00 PMD8/RG0 also servo S5
89* JC-08 21 RG01 PMD9/RG1 also servo S6
87* JC-09 22 RF00 PMD11/RF0 also servo S7
88* JC-10 23 RF01 PMD10/RF1 also servo S8
84* JD-01 24 RD07 PMD15/CN16/RD7
76* JD-02 25 RD01 OC2/RD1
69* JD-03 26 RD09 IC2/SS1/RD9 also J1-01
6* JD-04 27 RC01 T2CK/RC1
83* JD-07 28 RD06 PMD14/CN15/RD6 also J1-10
77* JD-08 29 RD02 OC3/RD2
70* JD-09 30 RD10 IC3/SCK1/PMCS2/PMA15/RD10 also J1-04
7* JD-10 31 RC02 T3CK/RC2
47* JE-01 32 RD14 CN20/U1CTS/RD14
53* JE-02 33 RF08 U1TX/RF8
52* JE-03 34 RF02 U1RX/RF2
48* JE-04 35 RD15 U1RTS/BCLK1/CN21/RD15
19* JE-07 36 RE09 INT2/RE9 also JP5, USB OC_SENSE
78* JE-08 37 RD03 OC4/RD3
71* JE-09 38 RD11 IC4/PMCS1/PMA14/RD11
8* JE-10 39 RC03 T4CK/RC3
66* JF-01 40 RA14 SCL1/INT3/RA14 also J2-01,J2-02 I2C1
67* JF-02 41 RA15 SDA1/INT4/RA15 also J2-03,J2-04 I2C1
91* JF-03 42 RA06 TRCLK/RA6 also BTN1
92* JF-04 43 RA07 TRD3/RA7 also BTN2
17* JF-07 44 RA00 TMS/RA0
38* JF-08 45 RA01 TCK/RA1
60* JF-09 46 RA04 TDI/RA4
61* JF-10 47 RA05 TDO/RA5
40* JH-01 48 RF12 U2CTS/RF12
50* JH-02 49 RF05 PMA8/U2TX/CN18/RF5
49* JH-03 50 RF04 PMA9/U2RX/CN17/RF4
39* JH-04 51 RF13 U2RTS/BCLK2/RF13
18* JH-07 52 RE08 INT1/RE8 also J1-07
72* JH-08 53 RD00 SDO1/OC1/INT0/RD0 also J1-02
68* JH-09 54 RD08 IC1/RTCC/RD8 also J1-08
80* JH-10 55 RD13 PMD13/CN19/RD13 also J1-09
25 JJ-01 56 RB00 PGD1/EMUD1/AN0/CN2/RB0
24 JJ-02 57 RB01 PGC1/EMUC1/AN1/CN3/RB1
23 JJ-03 58 RB02 C2IN-/AN2/CN4/RB2
22 JJ-04 59 RB03 C2IN+/AN3/CN5/RB3
21 JJ-07 60 RB04 C1IN-/AN4/CN6/RB4
20 JJ-08 61 RB05 VBUSON/C1IN+/AN5/CN7/RB5 Selected by J16
32 JJ-09 62 RB08 C1OUT/AN8/RB8
33 JJ-10 63 RB09 C2OUT/AN9/RB9
34 JK-01 64 RB10 CVrefout/PMA13/AN10/RB10 also LD1
35 JK-02 65 RB11 PMA12/AN11/RB11 also LD2
41 JK-03 66 RB12 PMA11/AN12/RB12 also LD3
42 JK-04 67 RB13 PMA10/AN13/RB13 also LD4
28 JK-07 68 RA09 PMA7/Vref-/CVref-/RA9
29 JK-08 69 RA10 PMA6/Vref+/CVref+/RA10
79* JK-09 70 RD12 PMD12/IC5/RD12
9* JK-10 71 RC04 SDI1/T5CK/RC4 also J1-03
58* J6-1, J6-2 72 RA02 SCL2/RA2 I2C2
59* J6-3, J6-4 73 RA03 SDA2/RA3 I2C2
26 N/A N/A RB06 PGC2/EMUC2/AN6/OCFA/RB6 debug PGC
27 N/A N/A RB07 PGD2/EMUD2/AN7/RB7 debug PGD
51* N/A N/A RF03 USBID/RF3 USB-4
56 N/A N/A RG03 D-/RG3 USB-2
57 N/A N/A RG02 D+/RG2 USB-3
63 N/A N/A RC12 OSC1/CLKI/RC12 Primary Oscillator
64 N/A N/A RC15 OSC2/CLKO/RC15 Primary Oscillator
73 N/A N/A RC12 SOSCI/CN1/RC13 Secondary Oscillator
74 N/A N/A RC14 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RC14 Secondary Oscillator

*indicates 5V tolerant PIC32 pin

By MCU Port and Bit #

PIC32 Pin # Connector Pin # chipKIT Pin # MCU Port & Bit PIC32 Signal Name Notes
17* JF-07 44 RA00 TMS/RA0
38* JF-08 45 RA01 TCK/RA1
58* J6-1, J6-2 72 RA02 SCL2/RA2 I2C2
59* J6-3, J6-4 73 RA03 SDA2/RA3 I2C2
60* JF-09 46 RA04 TDI/RA4
61* JF-10 47 RA05 TDO/RA5
91* JF-03 42 RA06 TRCLK/RA6 also BTN1
92* JF-04 43 RA07 TRD3/RA7 also BTN2
28 JK-07 68 RA09 PMA7/Vref-/CVref-/RA9
29 JK-08 69 RA10 PMA6/Vref+/CVref+/RA10
66* JF-01 40 RA14 SCL1/INT3/RA14 also J2-01,J2-02 I2C1
67* JF-02 41 RA15 SDA1/INT4/RA15 also J2-03,J2-04 I2C1
25 JJ-01 56 RB00 PGD1/EMUD1/AN0/CN2/RB0
24 JJ-02 57 RB01 PGC1/EMUC1/AN1/CN3/RB1
23 JJ-03 58 RB02 C2IN-/AN2/CN4/RB2
22 JJ-04 59 RB03 C2IN+/AN3/CN5/RB3
21 JJ-07 60 RB04 C1IN-/AN4/CN6/RB4
20 JJ-08 61 RB05 VBUSON/C1IN+/AN5/CN7/RB5 Selected by J16
26 N/A N/A RB06 PGC2/EMUC2/AN6/OCFA/RB6 debug PGC
27 N/A N/A RB07 PGD2/EMUD2/AN7/RB7 debug PGD
32 JJ-09 62 RB08 C1OUT/AN8/RB8
33 JJ-10 63 RB09 C2OUT/AN9/RB9
34 JK-01 64 RB10 CVrefout/PMA13/AN10/RB10 also LD1
35 JK-02 65 RB11 PMA12/AN11/RB11 also LD2
41 JK-03 66 RB12 PMA11/AN12/RB12 also LD3
42 JK-04 67 RB13 PMA10/AN13/RB13 also LD4
43 JB-10 15 RB14 PMALH/PMA1/AN14/RB14
44 JB-07 12 RB15 PMALL/PMA0/AN15/OCFB/CN12/RB15
6* JD-04 27 RC01 T2CK/RC1
7* JD-10 31 RC02 T3CK/RC2
8* JE-10 39 RC03 T4CK/RC3
9* JK-10 71 RC04 SDI1/T5CK/RC4 also J1-03
63 N/A N/A RC12 OSC1/CLKI/RC12 Primary Oscillator
73 N/A N/A RC13 SOSCI/CN1/RC13 Secondary Oscillator
74 N/A N/A RC14 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RC14 Secondary Oscillator
64 N/A N/A RC15 OSC2/CLKO/RC15 Primary Oscillator
72* JH-08 53 RD00 SDO1/OC1/INT0/RD0 also J1-02
76* JD-02 25 RD01 OC2/RD1
77* JD-08 29 RD02 OC3/RD2
78* JE-08 37 RD03 OC4/RD3
81* JB-09 14 RD04 PMWR/OC5/CN13/RD4
82* JB08 13 RD05 PMRD/CN14/RD5
83* JD-07 28 RD06 PMD14/CN15/RD6 also J1-10
84* JD-01 24 RD07 PMD15/CN16/RD7
68* JH-09 54 RD08 IC1/RTCC/RD8 also J1-08
69* JD-03 26 RD09 IC2/SS1/RD9 also J1-01
70* JD-09 30 RD10 IC3/SCK1/PMCS2/PMA15/RD10 also J1-04
71* JE-09 38 RD11 IC4/PMCS1/PMA14/RD11
79* JK-09 70 RD12 PMD12/IC5/RD12
80* JH-10 55 RD13 PMD13/CN19/RD13 also J1-09
47* JE-01 32 RD14 CN20/U1CTS/RD14
48* JE-04 35 RD15 U1RTS/BCLK1/CN21/RD15
93* JA-01 0 RE00 PMD0/RE0
94* JA-02 1 RE01 PMD1/RE1
98* JA-03 2 RE02 PMD2/RE2
99* JA-04 3 RE03 PMD3/RE3
100* JA-07 4 RE04 PMD4/RE4
3* JA-08 5 RE05 PMD5/RE5
4* JA-09 6 RE06 PMD6/RE6
5* JA-10 7 RE07 PMD7/RE7
18* JH-07 52 RE08 INT1/RE8 also J1-07
19* JE-07 36 RE09 INT2/RE9 also JP5,USB OC_SENSE
87* JC-09 22 RF00 PMD11/RF0 also servo S7
88* JC-10 23 RF01 PMD10/RF1 also servo S8
52* JE-03 34 RF02 U1RX/RF2
51* N/A N/A RF03 USBID/RF3 USB-4
49* JH-03 50 RF04 PMA9/U2RX/CN17/RF4
50* JH-02 49 RF05 PMA8/U2TX/CN18/RF5
53* JE-02 33 RF08 U1TX/RF8
40* JH-01 48 RF12 U2CTS/RF12
39* JH-04 51 RF13 U2RTS/BCLK2/RF13
90* JC-07 20 RG00 PMD8/RG0 also servo S5
89* JC-08 21 RG01 PMD9/RG1 also servo S6
57 N/A N/A RG02 D+/RG2 USB-3
56 N/A N/A RG03 D-/RG3 USB-2
10* JB-04 11 RG06 PMA5/SCK2/CN8/RG6
11* JB-03 10 RG07 PMA4/SDI2/CN9/RG7
12* JB-02 9 RG08 PMA3/SDO2/CN10/RG8
14* JB-01 8 RG09 PMA2/SS2/CN11/RG9
96* JC-01 16 RG12 TRD1/RG12 also servo S1
97* JC-02 17 RG13 TRD0/RG13 also servo S2
95* JC-03 18 RG14 TRD2/RG14 also servo S3
1* JC-04 19 RG15 RG15 also servo S4

*indicates 5V tolerant pin